The partition of Syria. The death of the Caliphate’s project
What will the Caliphate’s future be? Maybe al-Baghdadi’s dream is arrived to an end.
With the risk of a division of Syria, in the aftermath of the peace talks in Geneva, the dream of the Caliphate threatens to fail. Divisions in the Middle East are no longer a taboo. Syria will follow – perhaps – the same destiny of Iraq and Libya, both struggling to catch a glimpse of a future national unity. Could this, then, be the demise of al-Baghdadi’s dream: the end of the project of a united and compact Islamic state? With the summit in Geneva, we may witness the erosion ISIS: the terrorist organisation that shook up Africa and the Middle East and has profoundly marked the history of the people who live these areas of the world.
Middle East, France and Britain. The history of Islamic state
The self-proclamation of an Islamic state had opened a new chapter in history and had put under great pressure France and Britain, accused of excessive interference in the Middle East sociopolitical fabric. This event brought back to memory the end of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War, when the last Caliphate died. ISIS was thus born with the intent of revolutionising the agreements that the West had signed through the course of the twentieth century, which notably increased the Anglo-French power, and that of many more, in the Middle East. Many now say that Syria that will be “officially” divided, thus inaugurating a season of partitions for which a strategic area is precisely that the Middle East. Rajeh al-Khouri, a columnist for the Al Sharq al-Awsat, assumed that Syria will be parcelled before Iraq. Regardless of the course of events, the American interference in Iraqi territory or ethno-religious divisions between Shiites and Sunnis. Syria has become the emblem of a Middle East that will end up being split into a thousand streams.
Geneva: new chapter in Syrian history
In Geneva they will discuss the future of Syria during the meeting – scheduled for the 14th of March – between the regime of Bashar al-Assad and the opposition. The results could lead to a breakdown of the country into three distinct areas. Rajeh al-Khouri claims it is inaccurate to speak of the federal State for Syria, because “you simply assist the division of a country according to the intentions of the great powers.” Indeed Syria is already a divided country in between Alawites, Kurds and Sunnis.
However consecrating a similar fragmentation of the territory may not be appreciated either by the Assad regime nor by Erdogan’s Turkey, which continues to observe every slightest movement of Syria. For the Turks would be difficult to live with Kurdistan on the border, since it could be a base for the separatists of the PKK. Obviously the peace talks in Geneva will mark the possible end of the Syrian conflict, but will be for sure the decisive step to help promote the collapse of the Islamic state. So goodbye to the dream of the self-proclaimed caliphate, al-Baghdadi: March 14 could celebrate the collapse of an empire of terror.